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Common Behavioral Patterns that Perpetuate Power Relations of Domination

Power is the ability to act the more access to resources one has, the more options one has.Power differences are expressed in institutional and cultural contexts. These power differences continually inform our interpersonal relationships.The following chart shows some patterns people learn in order to survive in a hierarchical society. Not to conform to expected behavior risks social ostracism, privilege and /or one’s survival.These patterns take place in correspondence to each other; they are tendencies in relationships not personality characteristics. They are to be read horizontally. When we ignore these patterns or fail to act to transform them, we reinforce the dominant culture's injustice, even if we aspire to egalitarian relationships. It takes courage to step outside of the norms and feels as though one is going against the grain. Because they are relational a shift on one side brings about a change on both sides and the pattern is broken....

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Denial, Minimization, Blaming, and Intimate Aggression in Dating Partners

Although countering denial, minimization, and externalization of blame is a key component of most interventions for individuals who have been abusive in their intimate relationships, these attributions have only seldom been the focus of empirical investigation. Using a sample of 139 male and female university students, this study examined the associations between self-reported minimizing and blaming attributions and the perpetration of physical, sexual, and psychological aggression against an intimate partner. For men, minimization of conflict and partner blame were associated with self-reported perpetration of intimate partner aggression, even after controlling for socially desirable responding and relationship satisfaction. In contrast, women’s aggression was associated only with partner blame. Discussion focuses on overlap with similar areas of research, gender differences in minimization and blaming, and on potential directions for further empirical work on the associations of intimate aggression, relationship dissatisfaction, and attribution.

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The Ultimate Guide to Blog and Podcast Sponsorship

Introduction

It’s an exciting time to be a content creator online. We’re part of this brave new world where individuals have a huge voice and can sway consumers to purchase products, use services, and spend their time in certain ways. In the past, few individuals could influence the masses in these ways. Now, anyone has this opportunity by starting a blog or podcast and building an audience. Businesses are starting to realize just how powerful bloggers and podcasters really are. They’re very interested in opportunities to leverage this influence to reach consumers. This wasn’t always the case. In the past, even if you had a large audience, companies would laugh at the thought of spending advertising money with an individual blogger or podcaster. I’ve been blogging since 2006 and working online even before that, so I’ve seen firsthand just how sponsorship opportunities have changed...

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Positive and Negative Relationships

In our discussion of networks thus far, we have generally viewed the relationships contained in these networks as having positive connotations links have typically indicated such things as friendship, collaboration, sharing of information, or membership in a group. The terminology of on-line social networks reflects a largely similar view, through its emphasis on the connections one forms with friends, fans, followers, and so forth. But in most network settings, there are also negative effects at work. Some relations are friendly, but others are antagonistic or hostile; interactions between people or groups are regularly beset by controversy, disagreement, and sometimes outright conflict. How should we reason about the mix of positive and negative relationships that take place within a network? Here we describe a rich part of social network theory that involves taking a network and annotating its links (i.e., its edges) with positive and negative signs. Positive links represent friendship while negative links ...

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Factors of Attraction and Relationship Satisfaction: The Love-is-Blind Bias and Perceived Risk of Infidelity

Abstract

Attraction and relationship satisfaction have been topics of increased investigation over the past several decades (Yela & Sangrador, 2001; Buss & Schmitt, 1993; Hall & Taylor, 1976). The love-is-blind bias hypothesizes that individuals within fulfilling relationships exhibit the phenomenon of rating their partner’s attractiveness higher than self-ratings of their own attractiveness, a product of positive partner illusions (Swami & Furnham, 2008; Gagné, & Lydon, 2004). Using the Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS) and novel measures for attraction and perceived infidelity, this study applied the love-is-blind hypothesis against relationship satisfaction and perceived risk of infidelity. The creation of two new subscales for measuring the love-is-blind bias, self-perceived love-is-blind bias (SPB) and externally-perceived love-is-blind bias (EPB) were instrumental in computations. Significant positive interactions between both scales of the love-is-blind bias and both attraction, and relationship satisfaction were found. Perceived risk of infidelity was negatively...

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Betrayal, Rejection, Revenge, and Forgiveness: An Interpersonal Script Approach

Introduction

Throughout recorded human history, treachery and betrayal have been considered amongst the very worst offences people could commit against their kith and kin. Dante, for example, relegated traitors to the lowest and coldest regions of Hell, to be forever frozen up to their necks in a lake of ice with blizzards storming all about them, as punishment for having acted so coldly toward others. Even today, the crime of treason merits the most severe penalties, including capital punishment. However, betrayals need not involve issues of national security to be regarded as serious. From sexual infidelity to disclosing a friend’s secrets, betraying another person or group of people implies unspeakable disloyalty, a breach of trust, and a violation of what is good and proper. Moreover, all of us will suffer both minor and major betrayals throughout our lives, and most of us will, if only unwittingly, betray others (Jones & Burdette,

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Tortious Interference: The Limits of Common Law Liability for Newsgathering

INTRODUCTION

The revelation that CBS had decided not to air an interview with a former tobacco executive on the news magazine program 60 Minutes sent media lawyers across the country scrambling to understand the tort of intentional interference with contractual relations, a little-litigated tort in the media context. This Article addresses some of the many questions raised by the CBS announcement about the applicability of that tort to news gathering. We first lay out the elements of the tort of intentional interference with contractual relations and then identify the key issues presented when this tort is uprooted from its traditional commercial context and applied to news gathering activity. Finally, the parameters of a potential First Amendment defense to this tort are sketched out for media lawyers to consider and develop if plaintiffs indeed seek to expand this tort to sanction news gathering...

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Television, Tort Law, and Federalism

THE IMPACT OF TELEVISION upon the United States can hardly be doubted. The impact of tort law upon television has been widely discussed and often litigated. The impact of federal law upon the state tort law that creates the broadcaster's liability, however, has largely been neglected. This article will attempt to explore that impact. Before considering the strictly legal elements of the problem, those elements must be placed in perspective. It would be idle to discuss the impact of federalism at length if the broadcaster had no reason for concern about tort liability. There seems to be much cause for concern, however,whether or not the number of such cases has been increasing.1 The cases have recently been reported are more complex, and potential liability greater, than previously. At the same time, however, the limiting effects of federal law upon state...

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How A Small Business Can Approach Licensing Opportunities

The fashion industry is an Intellectual Property (IP) intensive industry, continually generating and commercially exploiting creative ideas and innovations. Whilst IP is largely intangible, it is similar to any other types of physical property in that under the law, it has a legal owner and therefore can be sold, bought, licensed or damaged. This series does not include a section on patents. Patents are registered intellectual property rights which protect certain new inventions. Obtaining patent protection is costly and the standard for obtaining patent protection is very high. Patents rarely arise in the context of fashion design, therefore we have focussed on Trade Marks, Design Rights, Copyright and Licensing in this guide. However, an example of where they might arise is in relation to an inventive process in the manufacture of fashion, for example, a process for creating a particular wash on denim. If you consider that patents might be relevant to you, we recommend that you should seek advice from a firm of patent attorneys or intellectual property...

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Equilibrium Binding Agreements

1. INTRODUCTION

The aim of this paper is to study equilibrium binding agreements, the coalition structures that form under such agreements, and the efficiency of the outcomes that result. The approach that we take is in the spirit of cooperative game theory, in the sense that the concept of ``blocking'' by a coalition is one of the primitive features of our analysis. A companion paper (Ray and Vohra [28]) studies an alternative theory based on bargaining. Our work is motivated by several considerations. First, we shall argue that a satisfactory description of what constitutes free and unrestrained negotiation, unhampered by the inability to write agreements that are binding on all agents, does not appear to exist in the literature. Our paper takes a step in the direction of a precise concept. Our second consideration is of central concern to us. It appears to be a matter of consensus among economists that if binding agreements can be written in the absence of informational imperfections, then all the gains...

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West's Annotated California Codes Education Code: West’s Ann.Cal.Educ.Code § 8850.5. Family Relationships and Parenting Education

“Family relationships and parenting education,” as used in this chapter, means an instructional program designed to provide pupils at all grade levels with age-appropriate components, including all of the following:
(a) Development of an understanding of the physical, mental, emotional, social, economic, and psychological aspects of themselves and others, and of the physiological, psychological, and cultural foundations of human development.
(b) The opportunity to acquire knowledge which will support the development of responsible family relationships, strengthen the pupil's current family life, and further the understanding of the role of the parent.
(c) Development of an understanding of the consequences of decisions and actions upon personal, family, and peer relationships.
(d) Recognition of, and attention to, the significance of healthy self-esteem in the growth and development of healthy human beings.

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